The ultimate goal of this system is the creation of a healthy society through scientific prescriptions. The body is composed of several organs. The perceptive power conveys the sensations and impressions while the motive power helps in the movements of the body in response to the sensations. At the Kumbh Mela this year, we organised a Unani medicine camp where people made a beeline to get treated. But whereas Ayurveda has enjoyed a phenomenal surge in popularity, Unani Medicine still lags behind in recognition, perhaps due to its minority Islamic associations. Unani-Tibb (also known as Unani Medicine or Tibb) is a system of medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates and Galen, subsequently developed into a comprehensive healthcare system by Arabic physicians, especially Ibn Sina (aka Avicenna). The treatment in Unani Medicine is based on the holistic approach. Naum-o-yaqzah (sleep and wakefulness), in which an individual’s health and alertness are understood as being dependent on a specific amount of sound sleep in the course of a 24-hour (circadian) cycle. In the process, Greek Medicine was “Islamicized” into Unani-Tibb, or Greco-Arabic Medicine. He was also a great advocate and champion of the indigenous systems of Ayurvedic and Unani Medicine, and pioneered scientific research into their treatments. Today, it serves as the basic handbook for all practitioners of Unani Medicine. The use of natural substances quickly made it famous and it became ingenious to the country. In India several institutions engaged in Unani teaching and research. It is a form of a detoxification therapy. The Delhi Sultanate and later the Moghul emperors were great patrons of medicine. It has developed its own techniques and instruments for performing surgeries. Today, the Indian government supports and subsidizes both Ayurvedic and Unani medical colleges and hospitals. Mixture of oat meal, honey and water . Physical activities, as well as proper rest, are considered essential for maintaining the health. These components can be described as follows. Read More. It prescribes diet, drinks, drugs, and some other regiments such as the code of conduct that is favorable for the maintenance and promotion of health for the prevention and treatment of diseases. Unani Medicine is based on the Greece philosophy according to which, human body is made up of the four categories of elements i.e. Greece’s Islamic neighbors call Greece Yunanistan, or the Land of the Unanis. The tablets are usually flat but may also be biconvex. Although a complete system of treatment, the Unani system, similar to other systems of medicine, has drawbacks in terms of application and effectiveness. India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. This paste is a Unani medicine that helps in controlling the acne forming on the face. The temperament is based on or develops due to the interaction of the 5 elements. Unani medicine is a time tested scientific medical system that helps to prevent humankind from illnesses maintaining good health and cure of diseases using safe, effective natural regimens. It is the vital power that is responsible for the survival of life. Ilaj-Bi-Dawa, or pharmaco-therapy, is the use of medicines by Unani hakims. Qurs is a solid form of Unani medication. So, acceptibility of cheap and effective Unani medicine is no problem. ISBN 81-7436-052-2. Disclaimer: Information provided on this website is not intended to diagnose, prevent, treat, or cure any disease. The lack of sound sleep can cause mental weakness, dissipation of energy, and digestive disturbances. The different forms of medications used in the Unani system include: Although the Unani Medicine is considered the pioneer in the field of surgery, its use is limited in this system. Involving the use of herbal remedies, dietary practices, and alternative therapies, Unani medicine addresses the prevention and treatment of disease.”. Some of the important techniques in the regimental therapy include: Food plays an important role in the treatment of Unani system. Accumulation of waste products in the body can lead to a sickness. 6. It is an important element of traditional AYUSH medicine which is recognized and governed by Ministry of AYUSH,Government of India. It believes in the humoral theory which presupposes the presence of the four humors – Dam (blood), Balgham (phlegm), Safra (yellow bile) and Sauda (black bile) in the body. Dirty water is considered a carrier of infective diseases. The growth power helps in the regeneration and growth of the human body. For fever, for example, Unani medicine stresses a nutrient-rich, low-roughage diet that might include dalia (porridge) and kheer (a milk broth). What does Unani mean? It maintains the health of the heart and liver. Intense research is important for the use of kushta, the incinerated finely powdered substance prepared from known toxic metals, such as seemab (mercury), sam al-far (arsenic), sangraf (mercuric chloride), and khubs al-hadid (iron rust). Humors are the fluid or moist components of the body that are produced after metabolism and the transformation of 4 elements. It considers that the temperament of every individual is unique to him or her. 3. Apart from Unani medicine’s introduction onto the stage of world history as a legitimate synthesis—in time and space—of primarily Greek and Islamic civilizational influences, there is yet another dimension to Unani medicine that is often overlooked and yet of great significance. Ayurvedic products are made either of herbs only or a combination of herbs, metals, minerals, or other materials in an Ayurvedic practice called rasa shastra. Single medicines or combinations in raw form are preferred over compound formulations. Ihtebas and istifragh (retention and excretion), which considers the metabolism of food and liquid as both affecting and being regulated by tabiyat. But Greek Medicine didn’t remain static or unchanging; it continued to grow and evelve as Muslim scholars and physicians continued to make important discoveries and contributions of their own. Unani medicines have been consistent in the treatment of chronic diseases like diabetes, asthma, arthritis etc. The temperament is considered real equitable when the elements are in equal quantities. The trace of the medicine goes back to medieval history, especially during the times of the Sultanates and Mughal rulers wherein they used to have physicians who knew Unani treatment. He wrote a five volume treatise on medicine called Al-Culliyat (The Fundamentals), or Colliget. The initial approach to treatment in the Unani system entails the establishment of a regimen to normalize and balance the external factors (e.g., air, water, and food) involved in ailments and diseases. The system recognizes the impact of psychological factors including the positive emotions like happiness and negative emotions like anger and sorrow on the health of a person. Surgical interventions, or ilaj-bil-yad, are a last resort. Ayur Times is an initiative of his efforts to bring quality information on Indian Medicine with the highest level of relevancy and scientific evidence. Unani therapy also pose some restrictions on diet during the treatment. of India, 1987. This system derives its name from the Arabic word, ‘YUNANI” , which originated from the Greek word ‘IONIAN’ in the Greece, as the principles and concept of this Perso-Arabic system were, in turn, derived from the teachings of Galen and Hippocrates, the great Greek physicians during those times. The Unani system gives high importance to the temperament of the individual while treating any disease. This term is derived from the word ‘Tibb’ which means the knowledge of the state of a human body while in health and during the decline of health. Any Unani treatment prescribed by a hakim acts as an outside agent to help boost the patient’s tabiyat and thus restore good health and a sense of well-being. Their balance leads to good health whereas imbalance leads to illness. However, Muslims brought it to India. Hawa (air), in which the quality of the air a person breathes is thought to have a direct effect on his or her temperament and, thus, health. It also increases the blood supply and ensures proper functioning of the excretory system. Based on the concept of balancing body humors. The temperament is considered inequitable when there is an absence of proper distribution of the temperament according to the requirement of the human body. Believing that it is only tabiyat that is engaged in actually curing a disease, Unani hakims hold that they only assist from “outside” by prescribing therapeutic relief. Hence, the treatment must be aimed at restoring this equilibrium. It emphasizes the need for keeping water, air, and food free from impurities or pollutants. While Western Europe was in the Dark Ages, Greek Medicine and other branches of classical science and learning found a safe haven in Islamic lands. Qurs are tablet form of Unani Medicine made of natural ingredients including herbs and Qiwam (sugar syrup). This treatment method is considered by hakims to be natural, eco-friendly, and less intrusive and more effective than many other methods. Ministry of AYUSH while examining the inspection report of CCIM team in terms of regulation 3 and 10 of the “Indian Medicine Central Council (Requirements of Minimum Standard for under-graduate Unani Colleges and attached Hospitals) Regulations, 2016”, provisions of the IMCC Act, 1970 relevant regulations made there under and as per approved Standard Operative Procedures … These elements together and in different proportions are present in everything alive, or that exists. Unani Medicine: Comparisons and Contrasts with Other Health Care Systems. Unani supplements are prepared using medicinal herbs and minerals. In unani therapy drugs are used in raw form. The Hellenistic origin of this system is visible in the fact that it’s based on the classical theory of four humors. Classical Unani medicine recommended established “regimental” therapies (tadabeer) in the treatment of various chronic and acute diseases. In the Unani system of medicine, tabiyat is an individual’s internal power or capacity to withstand or combat disease and to perform normal physiological functions. Dr. Jagdev Singh (B.A.M.S., M. Sc. The temperament of air is described as hot and moist while that of the earth is cold and dry. Hence, according to the Unani system, health refers to the state of a human body in which all its functions are carried out in a normal way while the disease is the state in which one or more forms of the organs are abnormal or at fault. The system has a series of elements (arkan) and their qualities as the foundation for explaining life, health and diseases, namely, air, fire, water and earth. The system emphasizes the need for well-ventilated houses. The meaning of the term ‘Unani’ is medicines that are the symbol of a healthy life. Elements (Arkān): What man and the Universe, both biological and non-biological, including drugs are made up of. Relatively infrequent in modern Unani therapy is ilaj-bi-misla, or organotherapy, a mode of treatment that involves healing a diseased organ with the use of tissue extracts from the same organ of a healthy animal. Considered a tonic, Khamira Abresham Hakim Arshad Wala is said to enhance heart health and aid in the treatment of cardiovascular problems like high blood pressure and angina.1 Commonly prescribed treatments in Unani medicine also includ… Unani (UNANI TIBB — Greco-Arabic Medicine) is the Arabic word for Ionian, or Greek. The blood dominates in these humours and other humors depend on it. The diagnosis involves determining the causes of disease, which can be achieved by the Pulse (NABZ) reading and the examination of stool and urine. Irrespective of whether the asthma patient is a child or a grown-up, Unani medicine not only treats asthma from its root but also helps the body to achieve its normal strong self again. Socioeconomic, geographic, and environmental factors are considered secondary factors (asbab-e-ghair-zarooriah) in the Unani system and therefore indirectly influence tabiyat. Makool-wo-mashroob (food and drink), in which the nutritional value and the quality and quantity of one’s food and drink are believed to ensure physical fitness by strengthening tabiyat. The foods are categorized as laxative, diuretic or diaphoretic and these properties are used for the treatment of diseases. Unani Tibb Medicine. However, both the primary and the secondary factors must be closely considered in the Unani process of treatment. Unani medicine is quite common with the number of people who use it being just after Ayurveda. In a healthy body, all the organs are in a proper shape or without any structural abnormality and perform their respective functions in an efficient manner. Unani Medicine (also called TIBB E UNANI) is a traditional system of medicine originated in Greece, influenced by the ancient science of Ayurveda and became part of traditional Arabic and Islamic medicine. Find a practitioner using this modality. But it is not given the seriousness it deserves. What are the health issues for which you can use Unani supplements? The Unani arrangement of drug; in some cases alluded to as Greeco-Arab pharmaceutical or Unani Tibb; depends on Greek rationality. It proposes six essentials pre-requisites or ASBAB SITTA E ZARORIAYAH for the promotion of health and prevention of diseases, which include: It proposes that clean and good air is necessary for preventing diseases and maintaining health. Unani was founded in Greece between 460 and 370 BC reflex points a puncture will be made remove... 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